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身份证工具类

时间:2013-07-16 14:59来源:www.chengxuyuans.com 点击:

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package my.tools;
import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;

/**
* 身份证工具类
*
* @author June
* @version 1.0, 2010-06-17
*/
public class IdcardUtils extends StringUtils {



/** 中国公民身份证号码最小长度。 */

public static final int CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH = 15;



/** 中国公民身份证号码最大长度。 */

public static final int CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH = 18;



/** 省、直辖市代码表 */

public static final String cityCode[] = {

         "11", "12", "13", "14", "15", "21", "22", "23", "31", "32", "33", "34", "35", "36", "37", "41",

         "42", "43", "44", "45", "46", "50", "51", "52", "53", "54", "61", "62", "63", "64", "65", "71",

         "81", "82", "91"

};



/** 每位加权因子 */

public static final int power[] = {

         7, 9, 10, 5, 8, 4, 2, 1, 6, 3, 7, 9, 10, 5, 8, 4, 2

};



/** 第18位校检码 */

public static final String verifyCode[] = {

         "1", "0", "X", "9", "8", "7", "6", "5", "4", "3", "2"

};

/** 最低年限 */

public static final int MIN = 1930;

public static Map<String, String> cityCodes = new HashMap<String, String>();

/** 台湾身份首字母对应数字 */

public static Map<String, Integer> twFirstCode = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

/** 香港身份首字母对应数字 */

public static Map<String, Integer> hkFirstCode = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

static {

     cityCodes.put("11", "北京");

     cityCodes.put("12", "天津");

     cityCodes.put("13", "河北");

     cityCodes.put("14", "山西");

     cityCodes.put("15", "内蒙古");

     cityCodes.put("21", "辽宁");

     cityCodes.put("22", "吉林");

     cityCodes.put("23", "黑龙江");

     cityCodes.put("31", "上海");

     cityCodes.put("32", "江苏");

     cityCodes.put("33", "浙江");

     cityCodes.put("34", "安徽");

     cityCodes.put("35", "福建");

     cityCodes.put("36", "江西");

     cityCodes.put("37", "山东");

     cityCodes.put("41", "河南");

     cityCodes.put("42", "湖北");

     cityCodes.put("43", "湖南");

     cityCodes.put("44", "广东");

     cityCodes.put("45", "广西");

     cityCodes.put("46", "海南");

     cityCodes.put("50", "重庆");

     cityCodes.put("51", "四川");

     cityCodes.put("52", "贵州");

     cityCodes.put("53", "云南");

     cityCodes.put("54", "西藏");

     cityCodes.put("61", "陕西");

     cityCodes.put("62", "甘肃");

     cityCodes.put("63", "青海");

     cityCodes.put("64", "宁夏");

     cityCodes.put("65", "新疆");

     cityCodes.put("71", "台湾");

     cityCodes.put("81", "香港");

     cityCodes.put("82", "澳门");

     cityCodes.put("91", "国外");

     twFirstCode.put("A", 10);

     twFirstCode.put("B", 11);

     twFirstCode.put("C", 12);

     twFirstCode.put("D", 13);

     twFirstCode.put("E", 14);

     twFirstCode.put("F", 15);

     twFirstCode.put("G", 16);

     twFirstCode.put("H", 17);

     twFirstCode.put("J", 18);

     twFirstCode.put("K", 19);

     twFirstCode.put("L", 20);

     twFirstCode.put("M", 21);

     twFirstCode.put("N", 22);

     twFirstCode.put("P", 23);

     twFirstCode.put("Q", 24);

     twFirstCode.put("R", 25);

     twFirstCode.put("S", 26);

     twFirstCode.put("T", 27);

     twFirstCode.put("U", 28);

     twFirstCode.put("V", 29);

     twFirstCode.put("X", 30);

     twFirstCode.put("Y", 31);

     twFirstCode.put("W", 32);

     twFirstCode.put("Z", 33);

     twFirstCode.put("I", 34);

     twFirstCode.put("O", 35);

     hkFirstCode.put("A", 1);

     hkFirstCode.put("B", 2);

     hkFirstCode.put("C", 3);

     hkFirstCode.put("R", 18);

     hkFirstCode.put("U", 21);

     hkFirstCode.put("Z", 26);

     hkFirstCode.put("X", 24);

     hkFirstCode.put("W", 23);

     hkFirstCode.put("O", 15);

     hkFirstCode.put("N", 14);

}



/**

  * 将15位身份证号码转换为18位

  *

  * @param idCard

  *            15位身份编码

  * @return 18位身份编码

  */

public static String conver15CardTo18(String idCard) {

     String idCard18 = "";

     if (idCard.length() != CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         return null;

     }

     if (isNum(idCard)) {

         // 获取出生年月日

         String birthday = idCard.substring(6, 12);

         Date birthDate = null;

         try {

             birthDate = new SimpleDateFormat("yyMMdd").parse(birthday);

         } catch (ParseException e) {

             e.printStackTrace();

         }

         Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();

         if (birthDate != null)

             cal.setTime(birthDate);

         // 获取出生年(完全表现形式,如:2010)

         String sYear = String.valueOf(cal.get(Calendar.YEAR));

         idCard18 = idCard.substring(0, 6) + sYear + idCard.substring(8);

         // 转换字符数组

         char[] cArr = idCard18.toCharArray();

         if (cArr != null) {

             int[] iCard = converCharToInt(cArr);

             int iSum17 = getPowerSum(iCard);

             // 获取校验位

             String sVal = getCheckCode18(iSum17);

             if (sVal.length() > 0) {

                 idCard18 += sVal;

             } else {

                 return null;

             }

         }

     } else {

         return null;

     }

     return idCard18;

}



/**

  * 验证身份证是否合法

  */

public static boolean validateCard(String idCard) {

     String card = idCard.trim();

     if (validateIdCard18(card)) {

         return true;

     }

     if (validateIdCard15(card)) {

         return true;

     }

     String[] cardval = validateIdCard10(card);

     if (cardval != null) {

         if (cardval[2].equals("true")) {

             return true;

         }

     }

     return false;

}



/**

  * 验证18位身份编码是否合法

  *

  * @param idCard 身份编码

  * @return 是否合法

  */

public static boolean validateIdCard18(String idCard) {

     boolean bTrue = false;

     if (idCard.length() == CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH) {

         // 前17位

         String code17 = idCard.substring(0, 17);

         // 第18位

         String code18 = idCard.substring(17, CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH);

         if (isNum(code17)) {

             char[] cArr = code17.toCharArray();

             if (cArr != null) {

                 int[] iCard = converCharToInt(cArr);

                 int iSum17 = getPowerSum(iCard);

                 // 获取校验位

                 String val = getCheckCode18(iSum17);

                 if (val.length() > 0) {

                     if (val.equalsIgnoreCase(code18)) {

                         bTrue = true;

                     }

                 }

             }

         }

     }

     return bTrue;

}



/**

  * 验证15位身份编码是否合法

  *

  * @param idCard

  *            身份编码

  * @return 是否合法

  */

public static boolean validateIdCard15(String idCard) {

     if (idCard.length() != CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         return false;

     }

     if (isNum(idCard)) {

         String proCode = idCard.substring(0, 2);

         if (cityCodes.get(proCode) == null) {

             return false;

         }

         String birthCode = idCard.substring(6, 12);

         Date birthDate = null;

         try {

             birthDate = new SimpleDateFormat("yy").parse(birthCode.substring(0, 2));

         } catch (ParseException e) {

             e.printStackTrace();

         }

         Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();

         if (birthDate != null)

             cal.setTime(birthDate);

         if (!valiDate(cal.get(Calendar.YEAR), Integer.valueOf(birthCode.substring(2, 4)),

                 Integer.valueOf(birthCode.substring(4, 6)))) {

             return false;

         }

     } else {

         return false;

     }

     return true;

}



/**

  * 验证10位身份编码是否合法

  *

  * @param idCard 身份编码

  * @return 身份证信息数组

  *         <p>

  *         [0] - 台湾、澳门、香港 [1] - 性别(男M,女F,未知N) [2] - 是否合法(合法true,不合法false)

  *         若不是身份证件号码则返回null

  *         </p>

  */

public static String[] validateIdCard10(String idCard) {

     String[] info = new String[3];

     String card = idCard.replaceAll("[\\(|\\)]", "");

     if (card.length() != 8 && card.length() != 9 && idCard.length() != 10) {

         return null;

     }

     if (idCard.matches("^[a-zA-Z][0-9]{9}$")) { // 台湾

         info[0] = "台湾";

         System.out.println("11111");

         String char2 = idCard.substring(1, 2);

         if (char2.equals("1")) {

             info[1] = "M";

             System.out.println("MMMMMMM");

         } else if (char2.equals("2")) {

             info[1] = "F";

             System.out.println("FFFFFFF");

         } else {

             info[1] = "N";

             info[2] = "false";

             System.out.println("NNNN");

             return info;

         }

         info[2] = validateTWCard(idCard) ? "true" : "false";

     } else if (idCard.matches("^[1|5|7][0-9]{6}\\(?[0-9A-Z]\\)?$")) { // 澳门

         info[0] = "澳门";

         info[1] = "N";

         // TODO

     } else if (idCard.matches("^[A-Z]{1,2}[0-9]{6}\\(?[0-9A]\\)?$")) { // 香港

         info[0] = "香港";

         info[1] = "N";

         info[2] = validateHKCard(idCard) ? "true" : "false";

     } else {

         return null;

     }

     return info;

}



/**

  * 验证台湾身份证号码

  *

  * @param idCard

  *            身份证号码

  * @return 验证码是否符合

  */

public static boolean validateTWCard(String idCard) {

     String start = idCard.substring(0, 1);

     String mid = idCard.substring(1, 9);

     String end = idCard.substring(9, 10);

     Integer iStart = twFirstCode.get(start);

     Integer sum = iStart / 10 + (iStart % 10) * 9;

     char[] chars = mid.toCharArray();

     Integer iflag = 8;

     for (char c : chars) {

         sum = sum + Integer.valueOf(c + "") * iflag;

         iflag--;

     }

     return (sum % 10 == 0 ? 0 : (10 - sum % 10)) == Integer.valueOf(end) ? true : false;

}



/**

  * 验证香港身份证号码(存在Bug,部份特殊身份证无法检查)

  * <p>

  * 身份证前2位为英文字符,如果只出现一个英文字符则表示第一位是空格,对应数字58 前2位英文字符A-Z分别对应数字10-35

  * 最后一位校验码为0-9的数字加上字符"A","A"代表10

  * </p>

  * <p>

  * 将身份证号码全部转换为数字,分别对应乘9-1相加的总和,整除11则证件号码有效

  * </p>

  *

  * @param idCard 身份证号码

  * @return 验证码是否符合

  */

public static boolean validateHKCard(String idCard) {

     String card = idCard.replaceAll("[\\(|\\)]", "");

     Integer sum = 0;

     if (card.length() == 9) {

         sum = (Integer.valueOf(card.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase().toCharArray()[0]) - 55) * 9

                 + (Integer.valueOf(card.substring(1, 2).toUpperCase().toCharArray()[0]) - 55) * 8;

         card = card.substring(1, 9);

     } else {

         sum = 522 + (Integer.valueOf(card.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase().toCharArray()[0]) - 55) * 8;

     }

     String mid = card.substring(1, 7);

     String end = card.substring(7, 8);

     char[] chars = mid.toCharArray();

     Integer iflag = 7;

     for (char c : chars) {

         sum = sum + Integer.valueOf(c + "") * iflag;

         iflag--;

     }

     if (end.toUpperCase().equals("A")) {

         sum = sum + 10;

     } else {

         sum = sum + Integer.valueOf(end);

     }

     return (sum % 11 == 0) ? true : false;

}



/**

  * 将字符数组转换成数字数组

  *

  * @param ca

  *            字符数组

  * @return 数字数组

  */

public static int[] converCharToInt(char[] ca) {

     int len = ca.length;

     int[] iArr = new int[len];

     try {

         for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {

             iArr[i] = Integer.parseInt(String.valueOf(ca[i]));

         }

     } catch (NumberFormatException e) {

         e.printStackTrace();

     }

     return iArr;

}



/**

  * 将身份证的每位和对应位的加权因子相乘之后,再得到和值

  *

  * @param iArr

  * @return 身份证编码。

  */

public static int getPowerSum(int[] iArr) {

     int iSum = 0;

     if (power.length == iArr.length) {

         for (int i = 0; i < iArr.length; i++) {

             for (int j = 0; j < power.length; j++) {

                 if (i == j) {

                     iSum = iSum + iArr[i] * power[j];

                 }

             }

         }

     }

     return iSum;

}



/**

  * 将power和值与11取模获得余数进行校验码判断

  *

  * @param iSum

  * @return 校验位

  */

public static String getCheckCode18(int iSum) {

     String sCode = "";

     switch (iSum % 11) {

     case 10:

         sCode = "2";

         break;

     case 9:

         sCode = "3";

         break;

     case 8:

         sCode = "4";

         break;

     case 7:

         sCode = "5";

         break;

     case 6:

         sCode = "6";

         break;

     case 5:

         sCode = "7";

         break;

     case 4:

         sCode = "8";

         break;

     case 3:

         sCode = "9";

         break;

     case 2:

         sCode = "x";

         break;

     case 1:

         sCode = "0";

         break;

     case 0:

         sCode = "1";

         break;

     }

     return sCode;

}



/**

  * 根据身份编号获取年龄

  *

  * @param idCard

  *            身份编号

  * @return 年龄

  */

public static int getAgeByIdCard(String idCard) {

     int iAge = 0;

     if (idCard.length() == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);

     }

     String year = idCard.substring(6, 10);

     Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();

     int iCurrYear = cal.get(Calendar.YEAR);

     iAge = iCurrYear - Integer.valueOf(year);

     return iAge;

}



/**

  * 根据身份编号获取生日

  *

  * @param idCard 身份编号

  * @return 生日(yyyyMMdd)

  */

public static String getBirthByIdCard(String idCard) {

     Integer len = idCard.length();

     if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         return null;

     } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);

     }

     return idCard.substring(6, 14);

}



/**

  * 根据身份编号获取生日年

  *

  * @param idCard 身份编号

  * @return 生日(yyyy)

  */

public static Short getYearByIdCard(String idCard) {

     Integer len = idCard.length();

     if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         return null;

     } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);

     }

     return Short.valueOf(idCard.substring(6, 10));

}



/**

  * 根据身份编号获取生日月

  *

  * @param idCard

  *            身份编号

  * @return 生日(MM)

  */

public static Short getMonthByIdCard(String idCard) {

     Integer len = idCard.length();

     if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         return null;

     } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);

     }

     return Short.valueOf(idCard.substring(10, 12));

}



/**

  * 根据身份编号获取生日天

  *

  * @param idCard

  *            身份编号

  * @return 生日(dd)

  */

public static Short getDateByIdCard(String idCard) {

     Integer len = idCard.length();

     if (len < CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         return null;

     } else if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);

     }

     return Short.valueOf(idCard.substring(12, 14));

}



/**

  * 根据身份编号获取性别

  *

  * @param idCard 身份编号

  * @return 性别(M-男,F-女,N-未知)

  */

public static String getGenderByIdCard(String idCard) {

     String sGender = "N";

     if (idCard.length() == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH) {

         idCard = conver15CardTo18(idCard);

     }

     String sCardNum = idCard.substring(16, 17);

     if (Integer.parseInt(sCardNum) % 2 != 0) {

         sGender = "M";

     } else {

         sGender = "F";

     }

     return sGender;

}



/**

  * 根据身份编号获取户籍省份

  *

  * @param idCard 身份编码

  * @return 省级编码。

  */

public static String getProvinceByIdCard(String idCard) {

     int len = idCard.length();

     String sProvince = null;

     String sProvinNum = "";

     if (len == CHINA_ID_MIN_LENGTH || len == CHINA_ID_MAX_LENGTH) {

         sProvinNum = idCard.substring(0, 2);

     }

     sProvince = cityCodes.get(sProvinNum);

     return sProvince;

}



/**

  * 数字验证

  *

  * @param val

  * @return 提取的数字。

  */

public static boolean isNum(String val) {

     return val == null || "".equals(val) ? false : val.matches("^[0-9]*$");

}



/**

  * 验证小于当前日期 是否有效

  *

  * @param iYear

  *            待验证日期(年)

  * @param iMonth

  *            待验证日期(月 1-12)

  * @param iDate

  *            待验证日期(日)

  * @return 是否有效

  */

public static boolean valiDate(int iYear, int iMonth, int iDate) {

     Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();

     int year = cal.get(Calendar.YEAR);

     int datePerMonth;

     if (iYear < MIN || iYear >= year) {

         return false;

     }

     if (iMonth < 1 || iMonth > 12) {

         return false;

     }

     switch (iMonth) {

     case 4:

     case 6:

     case 9:

     case 11:

         datePerMonth = 30;

         break;

     case 2:

         boolean dm = ((iYear % 4 == 0 && iYear % 100 != 0) || (iYear % 400 == 0))

                 && (iYear > MIN && iYear < year);

         datePerMonth = dm ? 29 : 28;

         break;

     default:

         datePerMonth = 31;

     }

     return (iDate >= 1) && (iDate <= datePerMonth);

}

}

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