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Linux(Ubuntu)下mysql5.7.17安装配置方法图文教程

时间:2017-02-04 19:21来源:www.chengxuyuans.com 点击:

前言

前面安装过mysql5.6,时隔三个月,开发那边反馈需要在MySQL中处理JSON类型的数据,查看文档,JSON是在5.7支持的新特性。于是着手安装Mysql57
Mysql5.6.28的安装:http://www.jb51.net/article/103743.htm

安装

若使用apt-get install mysql-server进行安装,默认安装的不是最新的版本,于是考虑去官网找一个最新的社区版本。

1.获取最新的Mysql版本

在 https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/ 下选择操作系统版本(本例为Ubuntu),下载的时候注意要和操作系统版本相匹配(OS版本对应安装包版本)。

# cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS \n \l

# wget https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-server_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb-bundle.tar

2.具体安装(因为依赖报的关系,需要注意安装次序)

# tar -xvf mysql-server_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb-bundle.tar
# ll
total 712948
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Jan 20 10:07 ./
drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 Jan 19 19:23 ../
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 1356802 Nov 29 03:30 libmysqlclient20_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 1904116 Nov 29 03:30 libmysqlclient-dev_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 30791660 Nov 29 03:29 libmysqld-dev_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 12998 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-client_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 82798 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-common_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 6831 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-community_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.changes
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 21519804 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-community-client_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 55477882 Nov 29 03:29 mysql-community-server_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 208582030 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-community-source_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 45244026 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-community-test_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 12990 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-server_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 365015040 Nov 30 02:11 mysql-server_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb-bundle.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 7155 31415 13014 Nov 29 03:30 mysql-testsuite_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb


###安装依赖包
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install libaio1
###安装deb包
sudo dpkg -i mysql-common_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i libmysqlclient20_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i libmysqlclient-dev_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i libmysqld-dev_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i mysql-community-client_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i mysql-client_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i mysql-community-source_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb

###libmecab2 安装
sudo apt-get -f install 
sudo dpkg -i mysql-community-server_5.7.17-1ubuntu12.04_amd64.deb

###这边会提示设置root密码

基本配置(和以前的5.6版本有差异)

1.新增用户,赋权

create user testuser identified by '*******';
create database testdb;
GRANT ALL ON testdb.* TO 'testuser'@'%' ;
flush privileges;

--root用户远程访问权限开放
mysql> use mysql;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
mysql> select host,user from user;
+-----------+-----------+
| host | user |
+-----------+-----------+
| %  | testuser |
| localhost | mysql.sys |
| localhost | root |
+-----------+-----------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> update user set host = '%' where user ='root'; 
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 0

mysql> select host,user from user;
+-----------+-----------+
| host | user |
+-----------+-----------+
| %  | testuser |
| %  | root |
| localhost | mysql.sys |
+-----------+-----------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> flush privileges; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

2.配置文件修改

配置文件路径(相比以前版本有变更,56路径:/etc/MySQL/my.conf)
57路径: /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf

--绑定IP修改
找到bind-address = 127.0.0.1这一行
改为bind-address = 0.0.0.0,问题解决。
--大小写区分修改
[mysqld]后添加添加lower_case_table_names=1,重启MYSQL服务,这时已设置成功:不区分表名的大小写;
lower_case_table_names参数详解:
lower_case_table_names = 0
其中 0:区分大小写,1:不区分大小写

其他

基本的服务启停命令没有改变

# 启动MySQL$ sudo service mysql start 
# 关闭MySQL$ sudo service mysql stop
# 重启MySQL$ sudo service mysql restart
# 其他命令:$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql start
$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop
$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart

精彩专题分享:mysql不同版本安装教程 mysql5.7各版本安装教程 mysql5.6各版本安装教程

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